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Materials Research Institute

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Prof James Busfield

MA, PhD, FHEA, FIMMM, CEng

Professor of Materials

Department School of Engineering and Materials Science
 Engineering 301A, Mile End
Telephone +44 (0)20 7882 8866
Email j.busfield@qmul.ac.uk
Homepage http://www.sems.qmul.ac.uk/j.busfield

Research Keywords

Rubber, Elastomer

Research Interests

Prof. Busfield has been the Head of the Soft Matter Group in the Department of Materials at QMUL since 1994. The group has investigated the strength and fatigue life of elastomer components, investigated the friction and abrasion of elastomers, they dynamic behaviour of elastomers, the reinforcing effect of carbon blacks, clays and silica filler in elastomers, the use of nano-structured fillers, fibre reinforced elastomer systems, dielectric elastomer actuators and smart rubber materials.

2017

Stachewicz U, Dijksman JF, Soudani C, Tunnicliffe LB, BUSFIELD JJC and Barber AH (2017). Surface free energy analysis of electrospun fibers based on Rayleigh-Plateau / Weber instabilities. Elsevier  European Polymer Journal  10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.04.017

2016

Huang M, Tunnicliffe LB, Zhuang J, Ren W, Yan H and Busfield JJC (2016). Strain-Dependent Dielectric Behavior of Carbon Black Reinforced Natural Rubber. Macromolecules  vol. 49, (6) 2339-2347. 10.1021/acs.macromol.5b02332

2015

Chen B, Kollosche M, Stewart M, Busfield J and Carpi F (2015). Electrical breakdown of an acrylic dielectric elastomer: Effects of hemispherical probing electrodes size and force. International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials  vol. 6, (4) 290-303. 10.1080/19475411.2015.1130974

Tunnicliffe LB, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2015). The free retraction of natural rubber: A momentum-based model. Polymer Testing  vol. 47, 36-41. 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2015.07.012

Huang M, Tunnicliffe LB, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2015). The glass transition, segmental relaxations and viscoelastic behaviour of particulate-reinforced natural rubber. European Polymer Journal  vol. 67, 232-241. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2015.03.024

2014

Yamaguchi K, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2014). Stress relaxation, creep and set recovery of elastomers. International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics  10.1016/j.ijnonlinmec.2014.07.004

Tunnicliffe LB, Kadlcak J, Morris MD, Shi Y, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2014). Flocculation and Viscoelastic Behaviour in Carbon Black-Filled Natural Rubber. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering  10.1002/mame.201400117

Kong KTS, Mariatti M, Rashid AA and Busfield JJC (2014). Enhanced conductivity behavior of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) hybrid composites containing exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets and carbon nanotubes. Composites Part B: Engineering  vol. 58, 457-462. 10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.10.039

2013

Baumard TLM, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2013). Evaluation of the tearing energy in a radial tyre. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  377-382.

Huang M, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2013). The application of a carbon black filled elastomer to create a smart strain sensor. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  705-710.

Wu G, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2013). Effect of the blade sharpness on the blade abrasion of rubber. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  65-68.

Zahabi H, Frediani G, Busfield JJC and Carpi F (2013). Dielectric elastomer actuators for tuneable optics. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  697-700.

Tunnicliffe LB, Thomas AG, Busfield JJC and Farid AS (2013). The effect of fillers on crosslinking, swelling and mechanical properties of peroxide-cured rubbers. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  563-568.

Chen B, Busfield JJC, Stewart M and Cain MG (2013). Electrical breakdown of dielectric elastomer actuator materials. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  701-704.

Fukahori Y, Sakulkaew K and Busfield JJC (2013). Elastic-viscous transition in tear fracture of rubbers. Polymer  vol. 54, (7) 1905-1915. 10.1016/j.polymer.2013.01.019

Sakulkaew K, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2013). The effect of temperature on the tearing of rubber. Polymer Testing  vol. 32, (1) 86-93. 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2012.09.002

Lowe DJ, Chapman AV, Cook S and Busfield JJC (2013). Studying NR/organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites with silane coupling agents via network visualization tem. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 86, (4) 538-557. 10.5254/rct.13.87974

Ali MN, Busfield JJC and Rehman IU (2013). Auxetic oesophageal stents: structure and mechanical properties. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine  1-27. 10.1007/s10856-013-5067-2

Fukahori Y, Hon AA, Jha V and Busfield JJC (2013). MODIFIED GUTH-GOLD EQUATION FOR CARBON BLACK-FILLED RUBBERS. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 86, (2) 218-232. 10.5254/rct.13.87995

2012

Kong KTS, Mariatti M, Rashid AA and Busfield JJC (2012). Effect of processing methods and functional groups on the properties of multi-walled carbon nanotube filled poly(dimethyl siloxane) composites. Polymer Bulletin  vol. 69, (8) 937-953. 10.1007/s00289-012-0777-z

Busfield J (2012). Editorial. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 41, (7) 271-272. 10.1179/1465801112Z.00000000096

Baumard TLM, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2012). Fatigue peeling at rubber interfaces. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 41, (7) 296-300. 10.1179/1743289812Y.0000000033

Tunnicliffe LB, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2012). Silica-rubber microstructure visualised in three dimensions by focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Microscopy  vol. 246, (1) 77-82. 10.1111/j.1365-2818.2011.03589.x

Tunnicliffe LB, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2012). Energy losses at small strains in filled rubbers. Constitutive Models For Rubber Vii - Proceedings of The 7th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubber, Eccmr  63-67.

Baumard TLM, Thomas AG, Ding W and Busfield JJC (2012). Fatigue peeling of rubber. Constitutive Models For Rubber Vii - Proceedings of The 7th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubber, Eccmr  293-297.

Sakulkaew K, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2012). A new approach to characterize the onset tearing in rubber. Constitutive Models For Rubber Vii - Proceedings of The 7th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubber, Eccmr  185-189.

hothi H, Busfield JJC and Shelton JC (2012). Deformation of Uncemented Metal Acetabular Cups following Impaction: Experimental and Finite Element Study. Taylor & Francis  Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering  10.1080/10255842.2012.744397

Kong KTS, Mariatti M, Rashid AA and Busfield JJC (2012). Effect of processing methods and functional groups on the properties of multi-walled carbon nanotube filled poly(dimethyl siloxane) composites. Polymer Bulletin  1-17.

2011

Lowe DJ, Chapman AV, Cook S and Busfield JJC (2011). Micromechanical models of young's modulus of NR/organoclay nanocomposites. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics  vol. 49, (22) 1621-1627. 10.1002/polb.22355

Suphadon N and Busfield JJC (2011). The dynamic properties of fumed silica filled SBR as function of pre-strain. Polymer Testing  vol. 30, (7) 779-783. 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2011.07.001

Lowe DJ, Chapman AV, Cook S and Busfield JJC (2011). Natural rubber nanocomposites by in situ modification of clay. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering  vol. 296, (8) 693-702. 10.1002/mame.201000395

Tunnicliffe LB, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2011). Light scattering and transmission studies of nanofiller particulate size, matrix cavitation, and high strain interfacial dewetting behavior in silica-elastomer composites. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics  vol. 49, (15) 1084-1092. 10.1002/polb.22285

Kong SM, Mariatti M and Busfield JJC (2011). Effects of types of fillers and filler loading on the properties of silicone rubber composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites  vol. 30, (13) 1087-1096. 10.1177/0731684411416267

Busfield JJC (2011). Modelling of elastomeric materials and products. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 40, (4) 151-153. 10.1179/174328911X12988633928078

Asare S and Busfield JJC (2011). Fatigue life prediction of bonded rubber components at elevated temperature. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 40, (4) 194-200. 10.1179/1743289810Y.0000000044

Sakulkaew K, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2011). The effect of the rate of strain on tearing in rubber. Polymer Testing  vol. 30, (2) 163-172. 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2010.11.014

Hothi HS, Busfield JJC and Shelton JC (2011). Explicit finite element modelling of the impaction of metal press-fit acetabular components. Proceedings of The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine  vol. 225, (3) 303-314. 10.1243/09544119JEIM864

2010

Shorter R, Smith JD, Coveney VA and Busfield JJC (2010). Axial compression of hollow elastic spheres. Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures  vol. 5, (5) 693-705. 10.2140/jomms.2010.5.693

Gabriel P, Fukahori Y, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2010). Fea modeling of schallamach waves. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 83, (4) 358-367. 10.5254/1.3481697

Fukahori Y, Gabriel P and Busfield JJC (2010). How does rubber truly slide between Schallamach waves and stick-slip motion? Wear  vol. 269, (11-12) 854-866. 10.1016/j.wear.2010.08.016

Suphadon N, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2010). The viscoelastic behavior of rubber under a complex loading. II. The effect large strains and the incorporation of carbon black. Journal of Applied Polymer Science  vol. 117, (3) 1290-1297. 10.1002/app.31991

Suphadon N, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2010). The viscoelastic behaviour of rubber under a small simple shear oscillation superimposed on a large pure shear. Polymer Testing  vol. 29, (4) 440-444. 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2010.02.002

Jha V, Thomas AG, Bennett M and Busfield JJC (2010). Reversible electrical behavior with strain for a carbon black-filled rubber. Journal of Applied Polymer Science  vol. 116, (1) 541-546. 10.1002/app.30556

Busfield J and Adams J (2010). Getting smarter. Materials World  vol. 18, (4) 19-21.

Ciselli P, Lu L, Busfield JJC and Peijs T (2010). Piezoresistive polymer composites based on EPDM and MWNTs for strain sensing applications. E-Polymers 

Liang H, Fukahori Y, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2010). The steady state abrasion of rubber: Why are the weakest rubber compounds so good in abrasion? Wear  vol. 268, (5-6) 756-762. 10.1016/j.wear.2009.11.015

Gabriel P, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2010). Influence of interface geometry on rubber friction. Wear  vol. 268, (5-6) 747-750. 10.1016/j.wear.2009.11.019

2009

Suphadon N and Busfield JJC (2009). Elastic behaviour of rubber cylinders under combined torsion and tension loading. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 38, (8) 337-342. 10.1179/146580109X12473409436788

Busfield J and Burke M (2009). Editorial: Rubber in engineering. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 38, (8) 10.1179/146580109X12473409436742

Suphadon N, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2009). Viscoelastic behavior of rubber under a complex loading. Journal of Applied Polymer Science  vol. 113, (2) 693-699. 10.1002/app.30102

Liang H, Fukahori Y, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2009). Rubber abrasion at steady state. Wear  vol. 266, (1-2) 288-296. 10.1016/j.wear.2008.07.006

Asare S, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2009). Cyclic stress relaxation (CSR) of filled rubber and rubber components. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 82, (1) 104-112. 10.5254/1.3557000

2008

Ciselli P, Lu L, Busfield JJC and Peijs T (2008). Multifunctional elastomer nanocomposites based on EPDM and carbon nanotubes. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings  vol. 1137, 61-72.

Papadopoulos IC, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2008). Rate transitions in the fatigue crack growth of elastomers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science  vol. 109, (3) 1900-1910. 10.1002/app.28086

Fukahori Y, Liang H and Busfield JJC (2008). Criteria for crack initiation during rubber abrasion. Wear  vol. 265, (3-4) 387-395. 10.1016/j.wear.2007.11.008

Jha V, Hon AA, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2008). Modeling of the effect of rigid fillers on the stiffness of rubbers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science  vol. 107, (4) 2572-2577. 10.1002/app.27324

2007

Kumar P, Fukahori Y, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2007). Volume changes under strain resulting from the incorporation of rubber granulates into a rubber matrix. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics  vol. 45, (23) 3169-3180. 10.1002/polb.21315

Kumar P, Fukahori Y, Thomas AG and Busfield JJC (2007). Recycled rubber: The rubber granulate - Virgin rubber interface. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 80, (1) 24-39. 10.5254/1.3548167

2006

Busfield JJC and Ng WH (2006). Using FEA techniques to predict fatigue failure in elastomers. 10.1533/9781845691134

Baxter S, Busfield JJC and Peijs T (2006). Selection of elastomers for a synthetic heart valve. 10.1533/9781845691134

2005

Busfield JJC, Jha V, Liang H, Papadopoulos IC and Thomas AG (2005). Prediction of fatigue crack growth using finite element analysis techniques applied to three-dimensional elastomeric components. Plastics, Rubber and Composites  vol. 34, (8) 349-356. 10.1179/174328905X59728

Busfield JJC, Jha V, Hon AA and Thomas AG (2005). Investigation of interfacial slippage on filler reinforcement in carbon-black filled elastomers. Constitutive Models For Rubber Iv - Proceedings of The 4th European Conference For Constitutive Models For Rubber, Eccmr 2005  459-464.

Busfield JJC, Papadopoulos IC and Thomas AG (2005). Transitions in tear and fatigue crack growth in elastomers. Constitutive Models For Rubber Iv - Proceedings of The 4th European Conference For Constitutive Models For Rubber, Eccmr 2005  145-151.

Busfield JJC, Liang H, Fukahori Y and Thomas AG (2005). Modelling the abrasion process in elastomer materials. Constitutive Models For Rubber Iv - Proceedings of The 4th European Conference For Constitutive Models For Rubber, Eccmr 2005  139-143.

Busfield JJC, Thomas AG and Yamaguchi K (2005). Electrical and mechanical behavior of filled rubber. III. Dynamic loading and the rate of recovery. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics  vol. 43, (13) 1649-1661. 10.1002/polb.20452

2004

Busfield JJC, Thomas AG and Yamaguchi K (2004). Electrical and mechanical behavior of filled elastomers 2: The effect of swelling and temperature. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics  vol. 42, (11 SPEC. ISS.) 2161-2167. 10.1002/polb.20085

2003

Yamaguchi K, Busfield JJC and Thomas AG (2003). Electrical and mechanical behavior of filled elastome. I. The effect of strain. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics  vol. 41, (17) 2079-2089. 10.1002/polb.10571

BUSFIELD JJC and Muhr AH (2003). Constitutive models for rubber III : proceedings of the Third European Conference on Constitutive Models for Rubber, 15-17 September 2003, London, UK. Balkema 

2002

Busfield JJC, Tsunoda K, Davies CKL and Thomas AG (2002). Contributions of time dependent and cyclic crack growth to the crack growth behavior of non strain-crystallizing elastomers. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 75, (4) 643-656. 10.5254/1.3544991

2001

Busfield JJC and Davies CKL (2001). Stiffness of simple bonded elastomer bushes Part 1 - Initial behaviour. Plast Rubber Compos  vol. 30, (5) 243-257.

2000

Tsunoda K, Busfield JJC, Davies CKL and Thomas AG (2000). Effect of materials variables on the tear behaviour of a non-crystallising elastomer. J Mater Sci  vol. 35, (20) 5187-5198. 10.1023/A:1004860522186

Busfield JJC, Deeprasertkul C and Thomas AG (2000). The effect of liquids on the dynamic properties of carbon black filled natural rubber as a function of pre-strain. Polymer  vol. 41, (26) 9219-9225. 10.1016/S0032-3861(00)00306-2

Peng HX, Fan Z, Evans JRG and Busfield JJC (2000). Microstructure of ceramic foams. Journal of The European Ceramic Society  vol. 20, (7) 807-813. 10.1016/S0955-2219(99)00229-0

1999

Busfield JJC and Thomas AG (1999). Indentation tests on elastomer blocks. Rubber Chemistry and Technology  vol. 72, (5) 876-893. 10.5254/1.3538839

1998

Haffner SM, Friedrich K, Hogg PJ and Busfield JJC (1998). Finite Element Assisted Modelling of the Microscopic Impregnation Process in Thermoplastic Preforms. Applied Composite Materials  vol. 5, (4) 237-255. 10.1023/A:1008850332291

Haffner SM, Friedrich K, Hogg PJ and Busfield JJC (1998). Finite-element-assisted modelling of a thermoplastic pultrusion process for powder-impregnated yarn. Composites Science and Technology  vol. 58, (8) 1371-1380. 10.1016/S0266-3538(98)00015-3

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