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Prof Robert Hill

Professor of Physical Sciences in Relation to Dentistry

Department Institute of Dentistry
 Dental Physical Sciences Unit, 2nd Fl. Francis Bancroft Building, Mile End
Telephone +44 (0)20 7882 5974
Email r.hill@qmul.ac.uk
Homepage http://www.dentistry.qmul.ac.uk/staff-list/49-professors/202-hill-professor

Research Interests

My research interests include; Bioactive Glasses Glass (ionomer) Polyalkenoatecements, Glass-ceramics, Materials for Hard Tissue Restoration. Apatites Characterization of apatites, glasses and glass polyalkenoate cements using solid state NMR. I am currently working on new biodegradable cements for use as a degradable bone glue.
I established recently the Campus company Bioceramic Therapeutics that is based on strontium releasing bioactive glasses that stimulate osteoblasts and inhibit osteoclasts.
I am the UK representative of Technical Committee 4 of the International Congress of Glass that deals with glasses for Medical Applications and I am also the UK representive on Technical Committee 7 that deals with Nucleation and Crystallisation of Glass.

Key Publications

Mneimne M, Hill RG, Bushby AJ and Brauer DS (2011). High phosphate content significantly increases apatite formation of fluoride-containing bioactive glasses. Acta Biomater  vol. 7, (4) 1827-1834. 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.11.037

Fredholm Y, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). Strontium containing bioactive glasses: Glass structure and physical properties. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 356, (44-49) 2546-2551. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.06.078

Gentlemen E, Fredholm Y, Jell G, ODonnell MD, Lotibakhshaiesh N, Stevens MM and Hill RG (2010). ?The effects of strontium substituted bioactive glasses on osteoblasts and osteoclasts in vitro?. Elsevier  Biomaterials  vol. 31, (14) 3949-3956. 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.01.121

O'Donnell MD, Watts SJ, Law RV and Hill RG (2008). Effect of P2O5 content in two series of soda lime phosphosilicate glasses on structure and properties ? Part I: NMR? Elsevier  J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 354, (30) 3554-3560. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2008.03.034

2017

Swansbury LA, Mountjoy G, Chen X, Karpukhina N and Hill R (2017). Modeling the Onset of Phase Separation in CaO-SiO2-CaCl2 Chlorine-Containing Silicate Glasses. J Phys Chem B  vol. 121, (22) 5647-5653. 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b02986

Huang M, Hill RG and Rawlinson SCF (2017). Zinc bioglasses regulate mineralization in human dental pulp stem cells. Elsevier  Dental Materials  vol. 33, (5) 543-552. 10.1016/j.dental.2017.03.011

Chen X, Karpukhina N, Brauer DS and Hill RG (2017). High chloride content calcium silicate glasses. Phys Chem Chem Phys  vol. 19, (10) 7078-7085. 10.1039/c6cp07905a

Duminis T, Shahid S and Hill RG (2017). Apatite Glass-Ceramics: A Review. Frontiers Media  Frontiers in Materials  vol. 3, 10.3389/fmats.2016.00059

2016

van Duinen R, Shahid S, Hill R and Glavina D (2016). In-vitro Study on Temperature Changes in the Pulp Chamber Due to Thermo-Curing of Glass Ionomer Cements. University of Zagreb  Acta Stomatologica Croatica  vol. 50, (4) 287-291. 10.15644/asc50/4/1

Sriranganathan D, Chen X, Hing KA, Kanwal N and Hill RG (2016). The effect of the incorporation of fluoride into strontium containing bioactive glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 457, 25-30. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2016.11.018

Kargozar S, Lotfibakhshaiesh N, Ai J, Samadikuchaksaraie A, Hill RG, Shah PA, Milan PB, Mozafari M, Fathi M and Joghataei MT (2016). Synthesis, physico-chemical and biological characterization of strontium and cobalt substituted bioactive glasses for bone tissue engineering. Elsevier  Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 449, 133-140. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2016.07.025

Morgan E, Mneimne M, Gillam DG and Hill RG (2016). Comparison of Cervical and Mid Coronal Dentine Using a Desensitizing Bioactive Glass Toothpaste: A Pilot Study. Scimed Central  Jsm Dentistry 

Huang M, Hill RG and Rawlinson SCF (2016). Strontium (Sr) elicits odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs): A therapeutic role for Sr in dentine repair? Elsevier  Acta Biomaterialia  10.1016/j.actbio.2016.04.037

D¿Onofrio A, Kent NW, Shahdad SA and Hill RG (2016). Development of novel strontium containing bioactive glass based calcium phosphate cement. Elsevier  Dental Materials  vol. 32, (6) 703-712. 10.1016/j.dental.2016.03.006

Liu J, Rawlinson SCF, Hill RG and Fortune F (2016). Strontium-substituted bioactive glasses in vitro osteogenic and antibacterial effects. Dent Mater  vol. 32, (3) 412-422. 10.1016/j.dental.2015.12.013

Sriranganathan D, Kanwal N, Hing KA and Hill RG (2016). Strontium substituted bioactive glasses for tissue engineered scaffolds: the importance of octacalcium phosphate. J Mater Sci Mater Med  vol. 27, (2) 10.1007/s10856-015-5653-6

Kent NW, Hill RG and Karpukhina N (2016). A new way of forming a calcium phosphate cement using bioactive glasses as a reactive precursor. Materials Letters  vol. 162, 32-36. 10.1016/j.matlet.2015.09.099

2015

Simpson RL, Nazhat SN, Blaker JJ, Bismarck A, Hill R, Boccaccini AR, Hansen UN and Amis AA (2015). A comparative study of the effects of different bioactive fillers in PLGA matrix composites and their suitability as bone substitute materials: A thermo-mechanical and in vitro investigation. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater  vol. 50, 277-289. 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2015.06.008

Shah FA, Brauer DS, Hill RG and Hing KA (2015). Apatite formation of bioactive glasses is enhanced by low additions of fluoride but delayed in the presence of serum proteins. Materials Letters  vol. 153, 143-147. 10.1016/j.matlet.2015.04.013

Comesaña R, Lusquiños F, Del Val J, Quintero F, Riveiro A, Boutinguiza M, Jones JR, Hill RG and Pou J (2015). Toward smart implant synthesis: bonding bioceramics of different resorbability to match bone growth rates. Sci Rep  vol. 5, 10.1038/srep10677

Hill RG, Gillam DG and Chen X (2015). The ability of a nano hydroxyapatite toothpaste and oral rinse containing fluoride to protect enamel during an acid challenge using <sup>19</sup>F solid state NMR spectroscopy. Materials Letters  vol. 156, 69-71. 10.1016/j.matlet.2015.04.140

Tan MHX, Hill RG and Anderson P (2015). Comparing the Air Abrasion Cutting Efficacy of Dentine Using a Fluoride-Containing Bioactive Glass versus an Alumina Abrasive: An In Vitro Study. Int J Dent  vol. 2015, 10.1155/2015/521901

Hill RG, Chen X and Gillam DG (2015). In Vitro Ability of a Novel Nanohydroxyapatite Oral Rinse to Occlude Dentine Tubules. Int J Dent  vol. 2015, 10.1155/2015/153284

Tang HM, Shahid S, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2015). Glass polyalkenoate cements based on simple CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses. Materials Science and Technology (United Kingdom)  vol. 31, (2) 197-202. 10.1179/1743284714Y.0000000601

2014

Chen X, Chen X, Brauer DS, Wilson RM, Hill RG and Karpukhina N (2014). Novel alkali free bioactive fluorapatite glass ceramics. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 402, 172-177. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2014.05.025

Mahmood A, Mneimne M, Zou LF, Hill RG and Gillam DG (2014). Abrasive wear of enamel by bioactive glass-based toothpastes. Am J Dent  vol. 27, (5) 263-267.

Mohammed NR, Mneimne M, Hill RG, Al-Jawad M, Lynch RJM and Anderson P (2014). Physical chemical effects of zinc on in vitro enamel demineralization. J Dent  vol. 42, (9) 1096-1104. 10.1016/j.jdent.2014.04.014

Chen X, Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Waite RD, Barry M, McKay IJ and Hill RG (2014). 'Smart' acid-degradable zinc-releasing silicate glasses. Materials Letters  vol. 126, 278-280. 10.1016/j.matlet.2014.04.009

Karpukhina N, Hill RG and Law RV (2014). Crystallisation in oxide glasses - a tutorial review. Chem Soc Rev  vol. 43, (7) 2174-2186. 10.1039/c3cs60305a

Shah FA, Brauer DS, Desai N, Hill RG and Hing KA (2014). Fluoride-containing bioactive glasses and Bioglass? 45S5 form apatite in low pH cell culture medium. Materials Letters  vol. 119, 96-99. 10.1016/j.matlet.2013.12.102

Shahid S, Hassan U, Billington RW, Hill RG and Anderson P (2014). Glass ionomer cements: effect of strontium substitution on esthetics, radiopacity and fluoride release. Dent Mater  vol. 30, (3) 308-313. 10.1016/j.dental.2013.12.003

Chen X, Chen X, Brauer DS, Wilson RM, Hill RG and Karpukhina N (2014). Bioactivity of sodium free fluoride containing glasses and glass-ceramics. Materials  vol. 7, (8) 5470-5487. 10.3390/ma7085470

Talioti E, Hill R and Gillam DG (2014). The Efficacy of Selected Desensitizing OTC Products: A Systematic Review. Isrn Dent  vol. 2014, 10.1155/2014/865761

Chen X, Hill R and Karpukhina N (2014). Chlorapatite Glass-Ceramics. International Journal of Applied Glass Science  vol. 5, (3) 207-216. 10.1111/ijag.12082

2013

Farooq I, Tylkowski M, Müller S, Janicki T, Brauer DS and Hill RG (2013). Influence of sodium content on the properties of bioactive glasses for use in air abrasion. Biomed Mater  vol. 8, (6) 10.1088/1748-6041/8/6/065008

Theocharopoulos A, Chen X, Wilson RM, Hill R and Cattell MJ (2013). Crystallization of high-strength nano-scale leucite glass-ceramics. Dental Materials  vol. 29, (11) 1149-1157. 10.1016/j.dental.2013.08.709

Theocharopoulos A, Chen X, Hill R and Cattell MJ (2013). Reduced wear of enamel with novel fine and nano-scale leucite glass-ceramics. J Dent  vol. 41, (6) 561-568. 10.1016/j.jdent.2013.02.006

Karpukhina N, Abo-Mosallam HA, Hill RG and Law RV (2013). Effect of Sodium, potassium and zinc substitutions in lithium disilicate glass and glass-ceramics. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses-European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B  vol. 54, (2) 76-83.

Al-Noaman A, Karpukhina N, Rawlinson SCF and Hill RG (2013). Behaviour of osteoblast-like cells cultured on titanium coated with FA/glass composite coating. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 364, 85-91. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.12.041

Gentleman E, Stevens MM, Hill RG and Brauer DS (2013). Surface properties and ion release from fluoride-containing bioactive glasses promote osteoblast differentiation and mineralization in vitro. Acta Biomaterialia  vol. 9, (3) 5771-5779. 10.1016/j.actbio.2012.10.043

Al-Noaman A, Rawlinson SCF and Hill RG (2013). Bioactive glass-stoichimetric wollastonite glass alloys to reduce TEC of bioactive glass coatings for dental implants. Materials Letters  vol. 94, 69-71. 10.1016/j.matlet.2012.12.017

Al-Noaman A, Karpukhina N, Rawlinson SCF and Hill RG (2013). Effect of FA on bioactivity of bioactive glass coating for titanium dental implant. Part I: Composite powder. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.11.051

Al-Noaman A, Karpukhina N, Rawlinson SCF and Hill RG (2013). Effect of FA addition on bioactivity of bioactive glass coating for titanium dental implant: Part II- Composite coating. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.11.046

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Kedia G, Bhat A, Law RV, Radecka I and Hill RG (2013). Bactericidal strontium-releasing injectable bone cements based on bioactive glasses. Journal of The Royal Society Interface  10.1098/rsif.2012.0647

Shah FA, Brauer DS, Wilson RM, Hill RG and Hing KA (2013). Influence of cell culture medium composition on in vitro dissolution behavior of a fluoride-containing bioactive glass. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A  10.1002/jbm.a.34724

Mohammed NR, Kent NW, Lynch RJM, Karpukhina N, Hill R and Anderson P (2013). Effects of fluoride on in vitro enamel demineralization analyzed by ??F MAS-NMR. Caries Res  vol. 47, (5) 421-428. 10.1159/000350171

2012

Martin RA, Twyman HL, Rees GJ, Barney ER, Moss RM, Smith JM, Hill RG, Cibin G, Charpentier T, Smith ME, Hanna JV and Newport RJ (2012). An examination of the calcium and strontium site distribution in bioactive glasses through isomorphic neutron diffraction, X-ray diffraction, EXAFS and multinuclear solid state NMR. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 22, (41) 22212-22223. 10.1039/c2jm33058j

Al-Noaman A, Rawlinson SCF and Hill RG (2012). The role of MgO on thermal properties, structure and bioactivity of bioactive glass coating for dental implants. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 358, (22) 3019-3027. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.07.039

Zainuddin N, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2012). Characterisation of a remineralising Glass Carbomer (R) ionomer cement by MAS-NMR Spectroscopy. Dental Materials  vol. 28, (10) 1051-1058. 10.1016/j.dental.2012.06.011

Al-Noaman A, Rawlinson SCF and Hill RG (2012). The influence of CaF2 content on the physical properties and apatite formation of bioactive glass coatings for dental implants. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 358, (15) 1850-1858. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.05.039

Brauer DS, Anjum MN, Mneimne M, Wilson RM, Doweidar H and Hill RG (2012). Fluoride-containing bioactive glass-ceramics. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 358, (12-13) 1438-1442. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.03.014

Fredholm YC, Karpukhina N, Brauer DS, Jones JR, Law RV and Hill RG (2012). Influence of strontium for calcium substitution in bioactive glasses on degradation, ion release and apatite formation. Journal of The Royal Society Interface  vol. 9, (70) 880-889. 10.1098/rsif.2011.0387

Lynch E, Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Gillam DG and Hill RG (2012). Multi-component bioactive glasses of varying fluoride content for treating dentin hypersensitivity. Dent Mater  vol. 28, (2) 168-178. 10.1016/j.dental.2011.11.021

Fujikura K, Karpukhina N, Kasuga T, Brauer DS, Hill RG and Law RV (2012). Influence of strontium substitution on structure and crystallisation of Bioglass (R) 45S5. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 22, (15) 7395-7402. 10.1039/c2jm14674f

2011

Hill RG and Brauer DS (2011). Predicting the bioactivity of glasses using the network connectivity or split network models. J Non-Cryst Solids  vol. 357, (24) 3884-3887. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2011.07.025

Chen X, Chadwick TC, Wilson RM, Hill RG and Cattell MJ (2011). Crystallization and flexural strength optimization of fine-grained leucite glass-ceramics for dentistry. Dent Mater  vol. 27, (11) 1153-1161. 10.1016/j.dental.2011.08.009

Brauer DS, Al-Noaman A, Hill RG and Doweidar H (2011). Density-structure correlations in fluoride-containing bioactive glasses. Mater Chem Phys  vol. 130, (1-2) 121-125. 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2011.06.015

O'Donnell M, Hill RG, Karpukhina N and Law RV (2011). Real time neutron diffraction and NMR of the Empress II glass-ceramic system. Dental Materials  vol. 27, (10) 990-996. 10.1016/j.dental.2011.06.005

Hill RG and Brauer DS (2011). Predicting the glass transition temperature of bioactive glasses from their molecular chemical composition. Acta Biomater  vol. 7, (10) 3601-3605. 10.1016/j.actbio.2011.06.023

Brauer DS, Mneimne M and Hill RG (2011). Fluoride-containing bioactive glasses: Fluoride loss during melting and ion release in tris buffer solution. J Non-Cryst Solids  vol. 357, (18) 3328-3333. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2011.05.031

Lotfibakhshaiesh N, Gentleman E, Hill R and Stevens M (2011). Strontium-substituted bioactive glass coatings for bone tissue engineering. Clin Biochem  vol. 44, (13) S36-S36. 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2011.08.1041

Comesana R, Lusquinos F, del Val J, Lopez-Alvarez M, Quintero F, Riveiro A, Boutinguiza M, de Carlos A, Jones JR, Hill RG and Pou J (2011). Three-dimensional bioactive glass implants fabricated by rapid prototyping based on CO2 laser cladding. Acta Biomater  vol. 7, (9) 3476-3487. 10.1016/j.actbio.2011.05.023

Brauer DS, Gentleman E, Farrar DF, Stevens MM and Hill RG (2011). Benefits and drawbacks of zinc in glass ionomer bone cements. Biomed Mater  vol. 6, (4) 10.1088/1748-6041/6/4/045007

Mneimne M, Hill RG, Bushby AJ and Brauer DS (2011). High phosphate content significantly increases apatite formation of fluoride-containing bioactive glasses. Acta Biomater  vol. 7, (4) 1827-1834. 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.11.037

Wu ZY, Hill RG, Yue S, Nightingale D, Lee PD and Jones JR (2011). Melt-derived bioactive glass scaffolds produced by a gel-cast foaming technique. Acta Biomater  vol. 7, (4) 1807-1816. 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.11.041

Shahid S, Billington RW and Hill RG (2011). The effect of ultrasound on the uptake of fluoride by glass ionomer cements. J Mater Sci Mater Med  vol. 22, (2) 247-251. 10.1007/s10856-010-4209-z

2010

Chen X, Chadwick TC, Wilson RM, Hill R and Cattell MJ (2010). Crystallization of high-strength fine-sized leucite glass-ceramics. J Dent Res  vol. 89, (12) 1510-1516. 10.1177/0022034510377795

Shahid S, Billington RW, Hill RG and Pearson GJ (2010). The effect of ultrasound on the setting reaction of zinc polycarboxylate cements. J Mater Sci Mater Med  vol. 21, (11) 2901-2905. 10.1007/s10856-010-4146-x

Theocharopoulos A, Zhou L, Hill R and Cattell M (2010). Wear quantification of human enamel and dental glass-ceramics using white light profilometry. Wear  vol. 269, (11-12) 930-936. 10.1016/j.wear.2010.08.019

Lotfibakhshaiesh N, Brauer DS and Hill RG (2010). ?Bioactive glass engineered coatings for Ti6Al4V alloys: Influence of Strontium substitution for calcium on sintering behaviour? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 356, (44-49) 2583-2590. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.05.017

Fredholm Y, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). Strontium containing bioactive glasses: Glass structure and physical properties. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 356, (44-49) 2546-2551. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.06.078

Poologasundarampillai G, Ionescu C, Tsigkou O, Murugesan M, Hill RG, Stevens MM, Hanna JV, Smith ME and Jones JR (2010). Synthesis of bioactive class II poly(gamma-glutamic acid)/silica hybrids for bone regeneration. Royal Society of Chemistry  Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 20, (40) 8952-8961. 10.1039/c0jm00930j

Stanton KT, O'Flynn KP, Kiernan S, Menuge J and Hill R (2010). Spherulitic crystallization of apatite-mullite glass-ceramics: Mechanisms of formation and implications for fracture properties. J Non-Cryst Solids  vol. 356, (35-36) 1802-1813. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.07.006

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, O'Donnell MD, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). Fluoride-containing bioactive glasses: effect of glass design and structure on degradation, pH and apatite formation in simulated body fluid. Acta Biomater  vol. 6, (8) 3275-3282. 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.01.043

Gentlemen E, Fredholm Y, Jell G, ODonnell MD, Lotibakhshaiesh N, Stevens MM and Hill RG (2010). ?The effects of strontium substituted bioactive glasses on osteoblasts and osteoclasts in vitro?. Elsevier  Biomaterials  vol. 31, (14) 3949-3956. 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.01.121

Gentleman E, Fredholm YC, Jell G, Lotfibakhshaiesh N, O'Donnell MD, Hill RG and Stevens MM (2010). The effects of strontium-substituted bioactive glasses on osteoblasts and osteoclasts in vitro. Biomaterials  vol. 31, (14) 3949-3956. 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.01.121

Watts SJ, Hill RG, O'Donnell MD and Law RV (2010). Influence of magnesia on the structure and properties of bioactive glasses. J Non-Cryst Solids  vol. 356, (9-10) 517-524. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.04.074

Thanjal NK, Billington RW, Shahid S, Luo J, Hill RG and Pearson GJ (2010). Kinetics of fluoride ion release from dental restorative glass ionomer cements: the influence of ultrasound, radiant heat and glass composition. J Mater Sci Mater Med  vol. 21, (2) 589-595. 10.1007/s10856-009-3901-3

Gentlemen E, Fredholm Y, Jell G, O'Donnell MD, Lotibakhshaiesh N, Stevens MM and Hill RG (2010). ?The effects of strontium substituted bioactive glasses on osteoblasts and osteoclasts in vitro? Elsevier  Biomaterials  vol. 31, (14) 3949-3956. 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.01.121

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). ? Effect of TiO2 addition on the structure solubility and crystallization of phosphate invert glasses for biomedical applications? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 356, 2626-2633.

O'Donnell MD and Hill RG (2010). ?Influence of strontium and the importance of glass chemistry and structure when designing bioactive glasses for bone regeneration? Acta Biomaterialia  vol. 6, (7) 2382-2385.

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, O'Donnell M, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). Fluoride containing bioactive glasses: Effect of glass design and structure on degradation, pH qand apatite formation in simulated body fluid? Acta Biomaterialia  vol. 6, 3275-3282.

Hill RG, O'Donnell MD, Law RV, Karpukhina N, Cochrane B and Tulyaganov D (2010). The early stages of nucleation and crystallisation of an apatite glass-ceramic: Evidence for nano-scale crystallisation. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 356, (52-54) 2935-2941. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.05.102

Watts SJ, Hill RG, O'Donnell MD and Law RV (2010). ?Influence of magnesia on the structure and properties of bioactive glasses? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 356, 517-524.

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). Effect of TiO2 addition on structure, solubility and crystallisation of phosphate derived invert glasses for biomedical applications. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 356, (44-49) 2626-2633. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2010.03.022.

Stanton KT, O'Flynn KP, Kiernan S, Menuge J and Hill R (2010). Spherulitic crystallization of apatite?mullite glass-ceramics: Mechanisms of formation and implications for fracture properties. Jncs  vol. 356, 1802-1811.

Abo-Mosallam HA, Hill RG, Karpukhina N and Law RV (2010). ?MAS-NMR studies of glasses and glass-ceramics based n a clinopyroxene?fluorapatite system? J. Mater. Chem.  vol. 20, 790-797.

Shahid S, Billington RW, Hill RG and Pearson GJ (2010). The effect of ultrasound on the setting reaction of zinc polycarboxylate cements. J Mater Sci: Mater Med  vol. 21, 2901-2905.

Azevedo MM, Jell G, O'Donnell MD, Law RV, Hill RG and Stevens MM (2010). Synthesis and characterization of hypoxia-mimicking bioactive glasses for skeletal regeneration. J Mater Chem  vol. 20, (40) 8854-8864. 10.1039/c0jm01111h

Chen X, Chadwick TC, Wilson RM, Hill R and Cattell MJ (2010). Crystallization of High-strength Fine-sized Leucite Glass-ceramics. J Dent Res  vol. 89, 1510-1516. 10.1016/j.dental.2013.08.209

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, O'Donnell M, Law RV and Hill RG (2010). ?Fluoride containing bioactive glasses: Effect of glass design and structure on degradation, pH qand apatite formation in simulated body fluid? Actabiomaterialia  vol. 6, 3275-3282.

Hill RG, O'Donnell MD, Law RV, Karpukhina N, Cochrane B and Tulyaganov DU (2010). The early stages of nucleation and crystallisation of an apatite glass-ceramic:Evidence for nano-scale crystallization. Jncs  vol. 356, 2935-2941.

Theocharopoulos A, Zou L, Hill R and Cattell M (2010). Wear quantification of human enamel and dental glass?ceramics using white light profilometry Wear.

O'Donnell MD, Karpukhina N, Calver AI, Law RV, Bubb N, Stamboulis A and Hill RG (2010). Real time neutron diffraction and solid state NMR of high strength apatite?mullite glass ceramic. Jncs  vol. 356, 2693-2698.

Azevedo MM, Jell G, O'Donnell MD, Law RV, Hill RG and Stevens MM (2010). Synthesis and characterization of hypoxia-mimickingbioactive glasses for skeletal regeneration. J Mater Chem  8854-8864. 10.1039/C0JM01111H

Watts SJ, Hill RG, O'Donnell MD and Law RV (2010). Influence of magnesia on the structure and properties of bioactive glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids  vol. 356, (9-10) 517-524. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.04.074

Abo-Mosallam HA, Hill RG, Karpukhina N and Law RV (2010). MAS-NMR studies of glasses and glass-ceramics based on a clinopyroxene-fluorapatite system. Royal Society of Chemistry  Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 20, (4) 790-797. 10.1039/b915573b

Lotfibakhshaiesh N, Brauer DS and Hill RG (2010). ?Bioactive glass engineered coatings for Ti6Al4V alloys: Influence of strontium substitution for calcium on sintering behaviour? Jncs  vol. 356, 2583-2590.

Munhoz T, Karpukhina N, Hill RG, Law RV and De Almeida LH (2010). Setting of commercial glass ionomer cement Fuji IX by 27Al and 19F MAS-NMR. Elsevier Ltd  Journal of Dentistry  vol. 38, (4) 325-330. 10.1016/j.jdent.2009.12.005

Kedia G, Hill D, Hill R and Radecka I (2010). ?Production of Poly-_-Glutamic Acid byBacillus Subtilis and Bacillus Licheniformis with Different Growth Media? Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  vol. 10, 1-9.

Thanjal NK, Billington RW, Shahid S, Luo J, Hill RG and Pearson GJ (2010). ?Kinetics of fluoride ion release from dental restorative glass ionomer cements: the influence of ultrasound, radiant heat and glass composition? J. Mater Sci Mater in Med  vol. 21, 589-595.

2009

Hill RG, Law RV, O'Donnell MD, Hawes J, Bubb NL, Wood DJ, Miller CA, Mirsaneh M and Reaney I (2009). Characterisation of fluorine containing glasses and glass-ceramics by 19F magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of The European Ceramic Society  vol. 29, (11) 2185-2190.

Zainuddin N, Karpukhina N, Hill RG and Law RV (2009). A long-term study on the setting reaction of glass ionomer cements by (27)Al MAS-NMR spectroscopy. Dent Mater  vol. 25, (3) 290-295. 10.1016/j.dental.2008.07.008

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2009). ?Structure of fluoride-containing bioactive glasses? J. Mater. Chem  vol. 19, 5629-5636.

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2009). Structure of fluoride-containing bioactive glasses. J Mater Chem  vol. 19, (31) 5629-5636. 10.1039/b900956f

O'Donnell MD, Hill RG and Fong SK (2009). ?Raman spectroscopy, 19F and 31P MAS-NMR of a series of fluorochloroapatites? J. Eur. Ceram Soc  377-384.

O'Donnell MD, Hill RG and Fong SK (2009). Neutron diffraction of chlorine substituted fluorapatite? Mat Letts  vol. 63, 1347-1349.

Zainuddin N, Karpukhina N, Hill RG and Law RV (2009). ?A long-term study on the setting reaction of glass ionomer cements by 27Al MAS-NMR spectroscopy? Dental Materials  vol. 25, 290-295.

O'Donnell MD, Watts SJ, Hill RG and Law RV (2009). ?The effect of phosphate content on the bioactivity of phosphosilicate glasses? J. Mater. Sci. Mater in Med.  vol. 20, 1611-1618.

Quintero F, Pou J, Lusquinos F, Riverio A, Mann AB, Hill RG and Jones JR (2009). ?Nanofibers from Laser Spinning: Laser Spinning of Bioactive Glass Nanofibers? Advanced Functional Materials  vol. 19,

2008

O'Donnell MD, Watts SJ, Law RV and Hill RG (2008). Effect of P2O5 content in two series of soda lime phosphosilicate glasses on structure and properties ? Part I: NMR? Elsevier  J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 354, (30) 3554-3560. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2008.03.034

O'Donnell MD, Fredholm Y, de Rouffignac A and Hill RG (2008). ?Structural analysis of a series of strontium-substituted apatites? Acta Biomaterialia  vol. 4, 1455-1464.

Brauer DS, Karpukhina N, Seah D, Law RV and Hill RG (2008). ?Fluoride-Containing Bioactive Glasses? Advanced Materials Research  vol. 39-40, 299-304.

O'Donnell MD, Watts SJ, Law RV and Hill RG (2008). ?Effect of P2O5 content in two series of soda lime phosphosilicate glasses on structure and properties ? Part II: Physical properties? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 354, (30) 3560-3566. 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2008.03.035

Karpukhina N, Law RV and Hill RG (2008). ?Solid State NMR Study of Calcium Fluoro- alumino-silicate Glasses? Adv. Mater. Res  vol. 39-40, 25-30.

Boyd D, Towler MR, Watts S, Hill RG, Wren AW and Clarkin OM (2008). ?The role of Sr2+ on the structure and reactivity of SrO?CaO?ZnO?SiO2 ionomer glasses? J. Mater Sci Mater in Med  vol. 19, 53-57.

Cheong SC, Wang Y, Meng J-H, Hill R, Sweeney K, Kirn D, Lemoine NR and Halldén G (2008). E1A-expressing adenoviral E3B mutants act synergistically with chemotherapeutics in immunocompetent tumor models. Cancer Gene Ther  vol. 15, (1) 40-50. 10.1038/sj.cgt.7701099

2007

Hill R, Calver A, Stamboulis A and Bubb N (2007). ?Real-Time Nucleation and Crystallization Studies of a Fluorapatite Glass?Ceramics Using Small-Angle Neutron Scattering and Neutron Diffraction? J Amer. Ceram. Soc  vol. 90, 763-768.

Matsuya S, Stamboulis A, Hill RG and Law RV (2007). ?Structural characterization of Ionomer glasses by multinuclear solid state MAS-NMR spectroscopy? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 353, 237-243.

2006

Stamboulis A, Matsuya S, Hill RG, Law RV, Udoh K, Nakagawa M and Matsuya Y (2006). MAS-NMR spectroscopy studies in the setting reaction of glass ionomer cements. Journal of Dentistry  vol. 34, (8) 574-581.

Crowley CM, Doyle J, Towler MR and Hill RG (2006). ?The influence of capsule geometry and cement formulation on the apparent viscosity of dental cements? Journal of Dentistry  vol. 34, 566-573.

Boyd D, Towler MR, Law RV and Hill RG (2006). ?An investigation into the structure and reactivity of calcium-zinc-silicate ionomer glasses using MAS-NMR spectroscopy? J. Mater. Sci. Mat in Med  vol. 17, 397-402.

Stamboulis A, Hill RG, Calver A, Bubb N and Manuel P (2006). ?Real time neutron diffraction studies of apatite glass-ceramics?A MAS-NMR and combined Rietveldt study of mixed calcium/strontium fluorapatite glass-ceramics? Bioceramics Key Eng Mat  vol. 18, 309-312.

Towler MR, Kenny S, Boyd D, Pembroke T, Buggy M, Guida A and Hill RG (2006). Calcium and zinc ion release from polyalkenoate cements formed from zinc oxide/apatite mixtures. J. Mater Sci Mater in Med  vol. 17, 835-839.

Hill R, Calver A, Skinner S, Stamboulis A and Law R (2006). ?A MAS-NMR and combined Rietveldt study of mixed calcium/strontium fluorapatite glass-ceramics? Bioceramics Key Eng Materials  vol. 18, 305-308.

HILL R, Stamboulis A and Law RV (2006). ?Characerisation of fluorine containing glasses by 19F, 27Al, 29Si and 31P MAS-NMR spectroscopy? Journal of Dentistry  vol. 34, 525-532.

2005

Buluwela L, Pike J, Mazhar D, Kamalati T, Hart SM, Al-Jehani R, Yahaya H, Patel N, Sarwarl N, Heathcote DA, Schwickerath O, Phoenix F, Hill R, Aboagye E, Shousha S, Waxman J, Lemoine NR, Zelent A, Coombes RC and Ali S (2005). Inhibiting estrogen responses in breast cancer cells using a fusion protein encoding estrogen receptor-alpha and the transcriptional repressor PLZF (vol 12, pg 452, 2005). Gene Ther  vol. 12, (10) 862-862. 10.1038/sj.gt.3302529

Buluwela L, Pike J, Mazhar D, Kamalati T, Hart SM, Al-Jehani R, Yahaya H, Patel N, Sarwarl N, Heathcote DA, Schwickerath O, Phoenix F, Hill R, Aboagye E, Shousha S, Waxman J, Lemoine NR, Zelent A, Coombes RC and Ali S (2005). Inhibiting estrogen responses in breast cancer cells using a fusion protein encoding estrogen receptor-alpha and the transcriptional repressor PLZF. Gene Ther  vol. 12, (5) 452-460. 10.1038/sj.gt.3302421

Stanton KT and Hill RG (2005). ?Crystallisation in apatite-mullite glass?ceramics as a function of fluorine content? Journal of Crystal Growth  vol. 275, 2061-2068.

Elgayar I, Aliev A, Boccaccini AR and Hill RG (2005). ?Structural Analysis of Bioactive Glasses? J. Non Crys. Solids  vol. 351, 173-183.

HILL R, Da Costa N and Law RV (2005). ?Characterisation of a mould flux glass? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 351, 69-74.

2004

Gorman CM and Hill RG (2004). ?Heat-pressed ionomer glass-ceramics. Part II: mechanical property evaluation? Heat-pressed ionomer glass?ceramics. Part II. Mechanical property evaluation? Dental Materials  vol. 20, 252-261.

Stamboulis A, Hill RG and Law RV (2004). ?Characterisation of the Structure of Calcium Alumino-Silicate and Calcium Fluoro-Alumino-Silicate Glasses by Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MAS-NMR)? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 333, 101-107.

Towler MR, Kenny S, Boyd D, Pembroke T, Buggy M and Hill RG (2004). Zinc Ion Release from Novel Hard Tissue Biomaterials'. Bio-Med. Mater. Eng.  vol. 14, 565-572.

Stamboulis A, Law RV, Hill RG and Matsuya S (2004). A MAS-NMR study of the Crystallisation Process of Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics. Bioceramics 16 Key Engineering Materials  vol. 16, 99-103.

Hill RG, Stamboulis A, Law RV and Matsuya S (2004). A MAS-NMR study of the crystallization of apatite-mullite glass-ceramics? Glass Technology  vol. 45, 127-133.

Hill RG, Stamboulis A, Law RV, Henry J and Hawes J (2004). A MAS-NMR study of the crystallisation process of barium fluorphlogopite glass-ceramics. Glass Techn.  vol. 45, 121-126.

Hill RG, Stamboulis A, Law RV, Clifford A, Towler M and Crowley C (2004). ? The Influence of Strontium Substitution in Fluorapatite Glasses and Glass-Ceramics? J.Non. Cryst. Solids  vol. 336/3, 223-229.

Calver A, Hill RG and Stamboulis A (2004). ?Influence of Fluorine Content on the Crystallization Behaviour of Apatite-Wollastonite Glass-Ceramics? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 39, 2601-2603.

Henry J and Hill RG (2004). ?Influence of Alumina Content on the Nucleation Crystallization and Microstructure of Barium Fluorphlogopite Glass-Ceramics Based on 8SiO2.YAl2O34MgO2MgF2BaO Part II Microstructure Hardness and Machinability? J. Mater. Sci.  vol. 39, 2509-2515.

Stamboulis A, Hill RG, Law RV and Matsuya S (2004). A MAS NMR Study of the Crystallisation Process of Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics Key Engineering. Materials Bioceramics  vol. 16 254-6, 99-102.

Henry J and Hill RG (2004). ?Influence of Alumina Content on the Nucleation Crystallization and Microstructure of Barium Fluorphlogopite Glass-Ceramics Based on 8SiO2.YAl2O34MgO2MgF2BaO Part I Nucleation and Crystallization Behaviour? J. Mater Sci  vol. 39, 2499-2507.

Stamboulis A, Law RV and Hill RG (2004). ?Characterisation of Commercial Ionomer Glasses Using Magic Angle Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MAS-NMR). Biomaterials  vol. 25, 3907-3913.

2003

Gorman CM and Hill RG (2003). ?Heat-pressed ionomer glass-ceramics. Part I: an investigation of flow and microstructure? Dental Materials Journal  320-326.

Murphy A and Hill RG (2003). ?Fracture toughness of tooth acrylics? J. Mater Sci Mater. in Med  vol. 14, 1011-1015.

Islam P, Hill R and Stamboulis A (2003). ?Activation Energy For Crystal Growth in Stoichiometric CaAl2Si2O8 and Ca2Al2Si2O9 Glasses? J. Mater Sci Letts  vol. 22, 1287-1289.

Freeman CO, Brook IM, Johnson A, Hatton PV, Hill RG and Stanton K (2003). ?Crystallization modifies osteoconductivity in an apatite?mullite glass?ceramic. J. Mater Sci Mater. Mater in Med.  vol. 14, 985-990.

Rafferty A, Hill RG and Wood D (2003). .?An investigation into the amorphous phase separation characteristics of an ionomer glass series and a sodium-boro-silicate glass system? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 38, 2311-2319.

Towler MR, Crowley CM and Hill RG (2003). Investigation into the ultrasonic setting of glass ionomer cements Part I Postulated modalities. Journal of Materials Science Letters  vol. 22(7), 539-541.

Henry J and Hill RG (2003). ?The Influence of Lithia Content on the Properties of Fluorphlogopite Glass-Ceramics Part II Microstructure and Machinability ? J.Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 319(1-2), 13-30.

Henry J and Hill RG (2003). ?The Influence of Lithia Content on the Properties of Fluorphlogopite Glass-Ceramics Part I Nucleation and Crystallization Behaviour ? J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 319(1-2), 1-12.

Samuneva B, Kashchieva E, Ivanova Y, Kadiyska E and Hill RG (2003). Crystallization Processes in Composite Biomaterials. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology  vol. 26, 1203-1208.

Greene K, Pomeroy MJ, Hampshire S and Hill R (2003). ?Effect of composition on the properties of glasses in the K2O?BaO?MgO?SiO2?Al2O3?B2O3?MgF2 system. J.Non-Cryst. Solid  vol. 325, 193-205.

Guida A, Hill RG, Towler M and Eramo S (2003). ?Preliminary work on the antibacterial effect of strontium in glass-ionomer cements?

Rafferty A, Hill R, Kelleher B and O'Dwyer T (2003). ?An investigation of amorphous phase separation, leachability and surface area of an ionomer glass system and a sodium-boro-silicate glass system? Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics  vol. 38, 3891-3902.

2002

Hill R and Velani SL (2002). A zero-infinity law for well-approximable points in Julia sets. Ergod Theor Dyn Syst  vol. 22, 1773-1782. 10.1017/S0143385702000810

Hill R and Wood D (2002). ?Comments on ?Devitrification and microstructural coarsening of a fluoride-containing barium alumino-silicate glass? J. Mater Sci Letts  vol. 21, 1867-1868.

Guida A, Hill RG and Eramo S (2002). ?Fluoride Release from Model Glass Ionomer Cements? J. Mater. Sci. Mater. in Med  vol. 13, 645-649.

Guida A, Hill R and Eramo S (2002). ?Fluoride release properties of GRACs. A survey of the literature? Minerva Stomatologica  vol. 51, 121-144.

Johal KK, Mendoza-Suarez G, Escalante-Garcia JI, Hill RG and Brook IM (2002). In vivo response of strontium and zinc-based ionomeric cement implants in bone? J. Mater. Sci Mater. in Med  vol. 13, 375-379.

Towler MR, Stanton KT, Mooney P, Hill RG, Moreno N and Querol X (2002). 'Thermal Analysis of Fly Ashes Sourced from European Non-Blended Coals'. J. Chem. Tech. and Biotech  vol. 77/3, 246-250.

Towler MR, Stanton KT, Mooney P, Hill RG, Moreno N and Querol X (2002). ?Modelling of the Glass Phase in Fly Ashes using Glass Network Connectivity Theory? J.Chem.Tech. and Biotech  vol. 77/3, 240-245.

2001

Ball S, Hill R, Landjev I and Ward H (2001). On (q(2)+q+2,q+2)-arcs in the Projective Plane PG(2,q). Design Code Cryptogr  vol. 24, (2) 205-224. 10.1023/A:1011260806005

Towler MR, Bushby AJ, Billington RW and Hill RG (2001). A preliminary comparison of the mechanical properties of chemically cured and ultrasonically cured glass ionomer cements, using nano-indentation techniques. Biomaterials  vol. 22, (11) 1401-1406. 10.1016/S0142-9612(00)00297-0

Hadley PC, Milella E, Gerardi C, Hill RG and Billington RW (2001). Distribution of fluoride in glass ionomer cement determined using SIMS. Biomaterials  vol. 22, (12) 1563-1569. 10.1016/S0142-9612(00)00316-1

Kenny S, Buggy M and Hill RG (2001). ?The Influence of Hydroxyapatite : Zinc Oxide Ratio on the Setting Behaviour and Mechanical Properties of Polyalkenoate Cements? J. Mater. Sci. Mater. in Med  vol. 12, 901-904.

Kenny S, Buggy M, Pembroke T, Hill R and Hatton PV (2001). ?In vitro reponse of osteoblast like cells to hydroxyapatite-zinc oxide-poly(acrylic acid) cements? Key Engineering Materials  vol. 218-220, 347-352.

Fennel B and Hill RG (2001). ?The Influence of Poly(acrylic acid) Molar Mass and Concentration on the Properties of Polyalkenoate Cements: Part III Fracture Toughness and Toughness? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 36, 5193-5202.

Fennel B and Hill RG (2001). ?The Influence of Poly(acrylic acid) Molar Mass and Concentration on the Properties of Polyalkenoate Cements: Part II Flexural Strength and Youngs Modulus? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 36, 5185-5192.

Fennel B and Hill RG (2001). ?The Influence of Poly(acrylic acid) Molar Mass and Concentration on the Properties of Polyalkenoate Cements: Part I Compressive Strength? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 36, 5177-5183.

Clifford A, Hill RG, Towler MJ and Wood DJ (2001). ?Nucleation and Crystallisation of Glasses from the Ternary CaF2-CaAl2Si2O8-P2O5 System? J.Mater. Sci  vol. 36, 3955-1961.

Clifford A, Hill R, Rafferty A, Mooney P, Wood D, Samuneva B and Mutusuya S (2001). ?The Influence of Calcium to Phosphate Ratio on the Nucleation and Crystallisation of Apatite Glass-Ceramics? J. Mater. Sci. Mater in Med  vol. 12,

Hadley PC, Millella E, Gerardi C, Hill RG and Billington RW (2001). ?Distribution of Fluoride in Glass Ionomer Cements Determined Using SIMS? Biomaterials  vol. 22, 1563-1569.

Towler MR, Bushby AJ, Billington RW and Hill RG (2001). ?A Preliminary Comparison of the Mechanical Properties of Chemically Cured and Ultrasonically Cured Glass-Ionomer Cements Using Nano Indentation Techniques? Biomaterials  vol. 22, 1401-1406.

2000

Sullivan A and Hill RG (2000). ?A preliminary investigation of polyalkenoate cements based on gasifier slags? Journal of Materials Science Letters  vol. 19, 323-325.

Griffin SG and Hill RG (2000). ?Influence of glass composition on the properties of glass polyalkenoate cements part IV. Influence of fluorine content? Biomaterials  vol. 21, 693-698.

De Barra E and Hill RG (2000). ?Influence of glass composition on the properties of glass polyalkenoate cements part III. Influence of fluorite content? Biomaterials  vol. 21, 563-569.

Griffin S and Hill RG (2000). Influence of glass composition on the properties of glass polyalkenoate cements: Part II influence of phosphate content. Biomaterials  vol. 21, 399-403.

Walsh JM, Hill R, Johnson A and Hatton PV (2000). ?Evaluation of Castable Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics for Medical and Dental Applications? Materials For Medical Engineering  vol. 2,

Walsh JM, Hill R, Johnson A and Hatton PV (2000). ?Evaluation of castable apatite-mullite glass-ceramics for medical and dental applications? Materials For Medical Engineering Euromat  vol. 2, 66-72.

Kenny S, Towler M and Hill RG (2000). ?The influence of poly(acrylic acid) molar mass on the properties of polyalkenoate cements formed from zinc oxide/apatite mixtures? J. Mater. Sci. Mater. in Medicine  vol. 11, 847-853.

Rafferty A, Clifford A, Hill R, Wood D, Samuneva B and Dimitrova-Lukacs M (2000). ?Apatite-mullite Glass-Ceramics; Influence of fluorine content? J. Am. Ceram. Soc  vol. 83, 2833-2838.

Gorman C, McDevitt L and Hill RG (2000). Comparison of two heat-pressed all-ceramic dental materials. Dental Materials  vol. 16, 389-395.

Rafferty A, Hill R and Wood D (2000). ?Amorphous phase separation of ionomer glasses?

Hill R, Rafferty A, Mooney M and Wood D (2000). ?The Influence of Glass Composition on Nucleation Crystallisation Microstructure and Properties of Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics? Glass Tech Berlin  vol. 73C, 146-153.

Greene K, Hill RG, Pomeroy M, Henry J, de Barra E and Wood DJ (2000). ?Characterisation of Mixed Potassium-Barium Mica Glass-Ceramics with Varying Fluorine Content? Glass Tech Berlin  vol. 73C, 229-236.

Henry J, Hill RG, de Barra E, Wood DJ and Maskill SA (2000). .?The Influence of Aluminium Oxide Content on the Formation of Barium Containing Fluormica Glass-ceramics? Glass Tech Berlin  vol. 73C, 237-246.

Stanton K and Hill R (2000). ?The Role of Fluorine in the Devitrification of SiO2.Al2O3.P2O5.CaO.CaF2 Glasses? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 35, 1911-1916.

Sullivan A and Hill RG (2000). ?The influence of poly(acrylic acid) molar mass on the fracture properties of glass polyalkenoate cements based on waste gasifier slags? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 35, 1125-1134.

1999

Griffin S and Hill RG (1999). Influence of glass composition on the properties of glass polyalkenoate cements: Part I influence of aluminium to silicon ratio. Biomaterials  vol. 20, 1579-1586.

Wallace KE, Hill RG, Pembroke JT, Brown CJ and Hatton PV (1999). ?Influence of sodium oxide content on bioactive glass properties? J. Mater. Sci. Mater. in Med  vol. 10,

Wood DJ, Bubb NL, Hill R and Knowles JC (1999). ?An investigation into the crystallisation of Dicor glass-ceramic? J.Mater. Sci Letts  vol. 18, 1001-1002.

Hill R, Wood D and Thomas M (1999). ?Trimethylsilylation analysis of the silicate structure of fluoro-alumino-silicate glasses and the structural role of fluorine? J. Mater. Sci  vol. 34, 1767-1774.

1998

de Barra E and Hill R (1998). ?Influence of Alkali Metal Ions on the Fracture Properties of Glass Polyalkenoate Cements? Biomaterials  vol. 30, 495-502.

Johnson A, Shareef MY, Walsh JM, Hatton PV, Van Noort R and Hill RG (1998). ?The effect of casting conditions on the biaxial flexural strength of glass-ceramic materials? Dent. Mater  vol. 14, 412-416.

Samuneva B, Hill R, Dimitriev Y, Ivanova I, Kaschieva E, Kaschieva S, Stefanova S and Kalimanova S (1998). Phase formation in the gels of Composite Glass-Ceramics. Journal of Glass Science and Technology Glass Technische Berichte  vol. 71C, 460-464.

Fennell B, Hill RG and Akinmade A (1998). Failure and fracture characteristics of glass poly(vinylphosphonate) cements. Dent. Mater.  vol. 14, 358-364.

de Barra E and Hill R (1998). The influence of poly(acrylic acid) content on the fracture behaviour of glass polyalkenoate cements. J. Material Science  vol. 33, 5487-5497.

Griffin S and Hill R (1998). The influence of polyacrylic acid molar mass on the fracture behaviour of glass polyalkenoate cements. J. Material Science  vol. 33, 5383-5396.

Samuneva B, Dimitrov V, Kalimanova S, Gattef E and Hill R (1998). Crystallisation in Gels in the Apatite-Mullite system. J. Sol Gel Science  vol. 13, 951-956.

de Barra E and Hill R (1998). Influence of Alkali Metal Ions on the Fracture Properties of Glass Polyalkenoate Cements. Biomaterials  vol. 30, 495-502.

Blades MC, Hill RG, Moore DP and Revell P (1998). In vivo skeletal response and biomechanical assessment of two novel polyalkenoate cements following femoral implantation in female New Zealand White rabbit. J. Mat. Sci.Mater. Med  vol. 9, 701-706.

1997

Devlin AJ, Hatton PV, Johal K, Bodell SM, Hill RG and Brook IM (1997). Ion Release from Novel Ionomeric Cements Related to In Vitro Biocompatibility. J. Dent. Res  vol. 76,

Murphy A and Hill R (1997). Fracture Toughness of Tooth Acrylic. Key Engineering Materials  vol. 118-119, 229-335.

1996

HILL R (1996). An Alternative Explanation of the Bioactivity of Bioglasses. J. Mater. Sci. Letts  vol. 15, 1122-1125.

Griffin S and Hill R (1996). The design of glasses for glass polyalkenoate cements. J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 196, 255-259.

HILL R and Cliford A (1996). Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics. J. Non Cryst. Solids  vol. 196, 346-351.

1995

Griffin S and Hill RG (1995). Glass composition influence on glass (ionomer) polyalkenoate cement mechanical properties. J.Dent.Res  vol. 74,

HILL R and Wood D (1995). Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics. J. Mater. Sci. Materials in Medicine  vol. 6, 311-318.

Murphy AC and Hill RG (1995). Fracture toughness of tooth acrylic. J.Dent Res.  vol. 74,

de Barra E, Griffin S, Hill RG, Henn G, Hatton PV, Devlin AJ, Johal KK and Brook IM (1995). The mechanism of fluoride release from glass(ionomer) polyalkenoate cements. J. Dent. Res.  vol. 74,

Walsh J, Hatton PV, Johnson A, Clifford A and Hill RG (1995). Castable Mullite Glass Ceramics. J.Dent.Res  vol. 74,

Johal KK, Craig GT, Devlin AJ, Brook IM and Hill R (1995). In vivo response of ionomeric cements:effect of glass composition, increasing soda content or calcium fluoride content. J. Mater. Sci. Materials in Medicine  vol. 6, 690-694.

Johal KK, Craig GT, Devlin AJ, Hill RG, de Barra E, Hatton PV, Henn G and Brook IM (1995). Ionomeric cements in vivo response to set rods with increasing sodium content. J. Dent Res.  vol. 74,

Devlin AJ, Johal KK, Craig GT, de Barra E, Hatton PV, Henn G and Brook IM (1995). Fluoride ion release from glass-ionomer cements. J. Dent Res.  vol. 74,

Hill RG, de Barra E, Griffin S, Henn G, Hatton PV, Devlin AJ, Johal KK and Brook IM (1995). Ion Release From Glass Polyalkenoate (Ionomer)Cements. Key Engineering Materials  vol. 99-100, 315-322.

1994

Hill RG and Darling M (1994). Novel Polyalkenoate(Glass-Ionomer) Cements Based on Zinc Silicate Glasses.

Hill R, Webster K, May C and Mandal A (1994). Microstructural Evidence for Amorphous Phase Separation in Bone China. British Ceramic Transactions  vol. 93, 16-20.

HILL R (1994). The Role of Microstructure on the Fracture Toughness and Fracture Behaviour of Rubber Reinforced Acrylics. J. Mater. Sci  vol. 11, 3062-3070.

Griffiths J and Hill RG (1994). The Influence of Atmosphere and Sample Surface Area on Melt Quenched Bi(Pb)- Sr-Ca-Cu-O Glass-Ceramics. Journal of Materials Science Letters  vol. 13, (2) 135-136. 10.1007/BF00416825

1993

Hill RG (1993). Structure Property relationships in Glass Polyalkenoate Cements. Key Engineering Materials  86-87.

Hill RG (1993). Comments on The Application of the Reptation Hypothesis to Polyelectrolyte Biomaterials. J. Mater. Sci. Letts.  vol. 12, 332-333.

Hill RG and Gilbert P (1993). High Temperature Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis of a Lithium Zinc Silicate Glass-Ceramic. J. Am. Soc.  vol. 76, 417-425.

Hill RG (1993). The Fracture Properties of Glass Polyalkenoate Cements as a Function of Cement Age. J.Mater. Sci.  vol. 28, 3851-3858.

Hill RG and Wood D (1993). AM glass-Ceramics -The Dawn of a New Generation of Materials. Key Engineering Materials  86-87.

1992

Akinmade AO and Hill RG (1992). The Influence of Cement Layer Thickness on the Adhesive Bond Strength of Polyalkenoate Cements. Biomaterials  vol. 13,

Hill RG and Styles C (1992). The Influence of Polymer Chain Length on the Fracture Toughness of Polymer Modified Portland Cement. J. Mater.Sci. Letts  vol. 11, 1555-1556.

Hill RG, Goat C and Wood D (1992). Thermal Analysis of a SiO2-Al2O3- CaO-CaF2 Glass. J.Amer.Ceram.Soc  vol. 75, 778-785.

1991

Hill RG, Patel M and Wood DJ (1991). Preliminary Studies on Castable Apatite-Mullite Glass-Ceramics., Editors: Bonfield W, Hastings GW and Tanner KE. Bioceramics  vol. 4, 79-86.

Wood D and Hill R (1991). A Glass-Ceramic Approach to Controlling the Properties of a Glass-Ionomer Bone Cement. Biomaterials  vol. 12, 164-170.

Wood D and Hill RG (1991). Structure Property Relationships in Ionomer Glasses. Clinical Materials  vol. 7, 301-312.

Hill RG and Labok SA (1991). The influence of poly(acrylic acid) molecular weight on the fracture of zinc polycarboxylate cements. J. Mater. Sci  vol. 26, 67-74.

1989

Hill RG (1989). Relaxation Spectroscopy of Polyalkenoate Cements. J.Mater.Sci Letts  vol. 8, 1043-1047.

Wilson AD, Hill RG, Warrens CP and Lewis BG (1989). The Influence of Polyacid Molecular Weight on Some Properties of Glass Ionomer Cements. J.Dent.Res.  vol. 68, 89-96.

Hill RG, Warrens CP and Wilson AD (1989). The Influence of Poly(acrylic acid) Molecular Weight on the Fracture of Glass Ionomer Cements. J.Mater.Sci  vol. 24, 363-371.

1988

Hill RG and Wilson AD (1988). A Rheological Study of the Role of Additives on the Setting of Glass Ionomer Cements. J. Dent. Res.  vol. 68, 1446-1450.

Hill RG and Wilson AD (1988). Some Structural Aspects of Glasses Used in Ionomer Cements. Glass Technology  vol. 29, 150-158.

1985

Hill RG, Tomlins PE and Higgins JS (1985). A Preliminary Study of the Dynamics of Phase Separation in Oligomeric Polystyrene/Polybutadiene Blends. Polymer  vol. 26,

Hill RG, Tomlins PE and Higgins JS (1985). A Preliminary Study of the Kinetics of Phase Separation in Poly(methylmethacrylate/Solution Chlorinated Polyethylene Blends. Macromolecules  vol. 18, 2555-2560.

1984

Hill RG, Bates JF, Rees N and Lewis TT (1984). The Fracture Toughness of Acrylic Polymers in Water. J. Mater, Sci.  vol. 19, 1904-1916.

1983

HILL R, Bates JF, Rees N and Lewis TT (1983). Fracture Toughness Testing of Acrylic Denture Base. Biomaterials  vol. 4, 112-120.

1981

HILL R (1981). .The Crosslinking Agent Ethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate Content of Currently Available Denture Base Resins. J. Dent. Res. 60 725-726 (1981) 22  vol. 60, 725-726.

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